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人本精神文化生活

郭曉明(Xiaoming Guo for Waterloo)

一、讓子女有更多的精神文化生活
父母最操心的就是子女的身心健康。父母鼓勵子女參加體育鍛煉活動以保持身體健康,父母常常教導子女為人之道,希望子女能成長為棟梁之才。但是,按照弗洛伊德精神分析理論,父母教導只是強化了子女心理中的超我,不是心理健康途徑的全部。在父母教導的為人之道與現實發生沖突的時候,子女就容易發生心理健康問題。新聞報道的不少槍擊事件,槍手平時都是和藹可親,與人相處甚好,這種罪犯就是由于平時超我控制其行為、而導致精神問題的典型案例。真正能夠保持子女心理健康的途徑,要和鍛煉身體保持身體健康一樣,需要鍛煉精神,需要培養健全的精神。而精神鍛煉需要通過精神文化生活:讀書、寫日記、練書法、彈琴、下圍棋、唱歌、等等,以增強子女的意志力、記憶力、精神集中力、和自律能力。精神文化生活鍛煉的是弗洛伊德理論中的自我,教導為人之道只是增強心理中的超我。華人社區的中文學校和文化中心為華人提供了很多精神文化生活,這是華人的福祉也是加拿大多元文化的福祉,政府應該加大政策傾斜扶持和弘揚這些精神文化生活。

二、弗洛伊德精神分析
弗洛伊德發現心理沖動來源分于三個機構:本我、自我和超我。心理沖動的最基本來源是本我,是基因本能沖動。戀愛時期欲火中燒,是生理發育崛起的強盛的本我壓倒自我干出不理性行為的根源??鬃诱f,食色性也。說的就是本我。飲食是個體生存需求,男女是種群延續需求,沒有這兩個基因本能,人類早就在優勝劣汰的自然選擇中消亡了。

本我的沖動是生命體基因本能需求,它不顧客觀環境是否有條件、不顧忌會產生什么行為后果。超我是社會規范的內化,是一種精神經濟,不必每次費腦筋思考法和家訓,把社會規范內化為自覺的行為,超我壓抑本我違反社會規范的沖動和行為。超我的形成主要是父母管教、幼兒園和學校教育和紀律約束的結果。

自我是心理活動的經紀人,它權衡環境利弊,權衡行為后果得失,在本我需求和外界環境刺激之間尋求可行性,它最能表現個人意志。他和超我和本我談判,找出折衷方案。自我是現實主義者,他壓制現實不可能實現的本我沖動,在生命本能需求(本我)和客觀環境的約束,以及文化規范的約束(超我)之間找出一個行為方案。真正面對現實適應環境的是自我,本我和超我都是不顧事實不考慮客觀可能性的行為的來源。

三、當今社會精神匱乏的根源
極端伊斯蘭產生的根源,就是超我過度膨脹壓制了本我和自我。完全靠超我主導的行為泯滅了人性,是極端儒教說的“存天理、滅人欲”。真正人性的體現不在于本我,而在于自我,一個強大的自我是人本精神的基礎。

極端伊斯蘭社會和政治運動是在恢復中世紀黑暗時代的專制。歐洲有千年停滯徘徊的中世紀黑暗時代,那是政教合一社會制度,把基督教教理作為社會行為準則,不僅僅以法律形式強制,而且以教育形式塑造民眾超強的超我心理。文藝復興就是對中世紀這種專制社會的反抗,他們的反抗是恢復本我,以對抗超我。文藝復興的繪畫,表現人類的裸體美,對人類的本我進行肯定,恢復食色性也的合法性。

經過文藝復興,資產階級的個人自由和宗教自由價值觀就成為資本主義社會的主流價值觀。個人自由價值觀內化為人超我心理,使得超我聯合本我壓制自我,形成了當代物欲橫流、精神匱乏的墮落生活的心理基礎。

四、加拿大面臨的精神匱乏的社會問題
加拿大有60%以上的人身體超重,其中進一半的超重人口患有肥胖癥。肥胖癥是三高病的重要風險因素。肥胖癥,就是超我要個人自由,放任本我暴飲暴食,是自我意志力薄弱,明知對身體有害,但無力控制超我和本我的聯合,導致害己害人。加拿大社會對這種人群是寬容的,而且有道德和社會資源支持這種人群,因為他們的行為符合個人自由的資本主義價值觀,如果他們工作效率低,雇主不能解雇他們,否則是歧視。購物廣場專門為他們準備殘疾人泊車位。

吸大麻、類鴉片藥物過量死亡、這些都是慫恿本我及時行樂尋求即時心理滿足,并受到個人自由價值觀的合理化。大麻,酒精、毒品都是麻醉自我,解除自我意志的藥物干預,是以物質干預精神。吸毒并不是個體生存的生理需求,這就是縱欲。

商品廣告觸動的就是消費者本我的神經,就是利用本我的食色性也規律。本我沖動,在弗洛伊德理論中是所有沖動的能量來源,稱為力比多。精神文化生活就是把力比多升華為對高尚情操的最求。但是,資本主義價值觀的高尚是個人自由主義,就是追求感官和物質的刺激。

追求性刺激是商品廣告的效益點,這種性文化泛濫,造成了性生活的低齡化,低齡化性生活又造成了單親少年母親的社會困惑,因此有了口交和肛交這種避免少年母親的性行為,這是同性戀群體不斷擴大的原因之一??诮桓亟煌詰俨皇欠N群延續的需求。安省性教育大綱是對這種社會風潮的補救,它不阻止物欲橫流,只是讓物欲橫流更加衛生安全。

如今社會不是物質不充足,而是物質豐富卻沒有精神文化生活。西方好萊塢大片,以性、金錢、暴力為主題,強化所謂“個人自由”的資本主義價值。西方各種娛樂活動,也是以感官刺激為商業利潤點。如此娛樂生活弱化了自我的意志力,導致心理問題乃至心理疾病的人群不斷擴大。

五、加拿大政治的誤區
加拿大政黨政治,爭論大麻合法化問題,爭論性教育大綱問題,以增加心理咨詢的政府投入為拉票政策賣點,以減少肥胖癥財政預算為拉票政策賣點,都沒有觸及社會問題本質,都是治標不治本的競選政策。

中國文化的娛樂生活,有琴棋書畫等精神文化生活,這些精神文化生活鍛煉自我的心理成長,是鑄就大器的百年樹人之道。西方娛樂生活,追求的是感官刺激,是放任本我,并以個人自由價值的超我為之合理化。華夏文明的精神文化生活才是個人自由的根本,就是自律,就是吾日三省吾身,就是保持心理健康,追求人生自我實現。一個有足夠能力控制本我、而又不囿于超我束縛的自我,是心理健康的根本保障。

文藝復興是反抗中世紀專制的進步文化運動,但是,它確立了資產階級價值觀在物質豐富的今天露出了弊端?;浇探虝蛯W校,無以扭轉精神匱乏的社會風氣,是資產階級個人自由價值的白左政治正確使然。伊斯蘭教在宗教自由的文藝復興價值下,反對物欲橫流,卻塑造了兒童的膨脹的超我,成為恐怖主義意識形態的避風港。加拿大社會最缺乏最需要的是鍛煉自我的精神文化生活。白左政治正確成為當代新的專制,以政治正確而無視現實,浪費政府資源,政治資源和社會資源,把這些資源用于無效的政策和社會輿論。

建設加拿大多元文化社會,需要更多的弘揚華夏文化,才能從根本上解決我們面臨的許多社會問題,避免無謂無效的黨爭,避免浪費稅收人的錢而無力從根本上解決我們面臨的社會問題。

 

Humanist Spirituality

The opioid overdose killed more than 4000 Canadians in 2017. Ontario implemented new sex ed curriculum in 2106 due to the trend that sexual behaviours begin at younger ages. In November 2017, Canada passed Bill C-45 to legalized marijuana. 26.7% of Canadians have obesity in 2015. For every given year, 1out of 5 Canadian have mental health problem or illness. All politicians agree that we should fight obesity and provide more mental health support, but they may fight each other on whether we should legalizing marijuana or implementing the Sex Ed. All these phenomena are just symptoms. Our government policies and our partisan politics are all missing the point. The root cause of these symptoms is that our society lacks the spiritual life. Our society indulges in the abundance of materials and losses our spirituality.

In 1923, Sigmund Freud published his works of The Ego and the Id. From his long time clinical practice in treating mental illnesses, Freud induced his structure model of the human psyche. In his structure model, the behaviours of a person are governed by his Id, Ego, and Super-ego.

The Id is the instinctual drive that produces the instinct behaviours of a person. Id behaviours are determined by the gene. A person eats for the survival of individual life and has sex to preserve the species of Homo sapiens. These behaviours are coded in our gene by million years of natural selection. Id behaviours are the common character of Human and animals alike. At the Id level, Human is a biological being.

Most personal behaviours are cultural behaviours. Watching TV is a cultural behaviour. We don’t have a gene to make watching TV a basic physiological need. Watching TV has nothing to do with the survival of individual life and the sustaining of our species. Social and political activities are also cultural behaviours.

Both our cultural and instinctual behaviours may interact with our fellow human individuals, and the activities of the collective and interactive behaviours compose our social behaviours. For an ordered society, cultural behaviours follow certain etiquettes, and moral obligations and responsibilities. The Super-Ego is the psyche apparatus that internalized cultural rules and moral obligation into our mindset. Cultural behaviours are what distinguish Human from animals. At the Super-Ego level, Human is a social being.

The Ego is the most humanistic psyche. It comprises self-awareness, will, memory, thought, knowledge, reason, and judgment. Our laws are based on this humanistic psyche. If a criminal is proved insane, he is exempted from legal responsibility because he lacks judgment and will. Whoever lacks Ego is insane. At Ego level, human is humanity being.

A healthy man has a strong body and a high spirit. To have a strong body, we need a material life. To have a high spirit, we need a spiritual life. To have a healthy body, we eat healthy foods and exercise. To transcend the mundane life, we learn knowledge and cultivate our spirituality.? Our government provides us many facilities for physical activities; and some cultural and spiritual facilities such as libraries for our humanistic spiritual life. The cultural and spiritual facilities, however, are far less than the sports facilities so that we lack the humanistic spiritual life. This is the root cause of symptoms of our social illnesses mentioned at the beginning of the article.

As our ancestors say, man is the combination of body and soul. To save our soul, we had religious spirituality. It is fine to have religious spirituality as long as it conforms us to a commonly accepted norm of a society; however, when the religious doctrines internalized into the Super-Ego, we may have a totalitarian society that the Super-Ego suppresses the Ego.

The Middle Age is a totalitarian society that religious doctrine becomes the coercive law. The religious “spirituality” suppressed the mundane desires. The social psyche was that the Super-Ego suppressed both Ego and Id. Renaissance is the historical period that shaped our modern man. The Renaissance movement, in the social psyche aspect, was a rebel of Ego and Id against the Medieval Super-Ego. The ideological paradigm switched through Renaissance from religious spirituality to mundane individualism. The Renaissance Ego rebelled the Medieval Super-Ego using Id as a weapon. The naked bodies of the Renaissance sculptures or paintings are the positive confirmation of the Id desires. Renaissance emphasized the humanity on the Id aspect, alongside with the Ego aspect: reason and open-mind.? The confirmation of Id desire was the weapon of Ego rebel the Medieval Super-Ego. This weapon, in turn, becomes our capitalist ideology, and the Super-Ego of our society: individualism.

Individualism rationalized the Id instinct in every aspect of our life, and become the norm of our society. This norm internalized into our Super-Ego, so that the Super-Ego and the Id cooperated hand in hand to suppress the Ego. This modern social psyche structure, combined with the advanced industrialization that produces abundant consumer goods, produces the social illness. We know junk food is bad to our health and exercise is good to our health; however, our weak Ego lacks the will and discipline to control our diet and living habit, so that our society developed the epidemic of obesity. The solution is not just awareness and education; it needs humanistic spiritual activities to cultivate a strong Ego.

Abusing of substance, such as alcohol, marijuana, and opioid, interferes our psyche by weakening the Ego and enhancing the Id drives, under the mandate of the Super-Ego, the freedom and individualism. Our government, as the apparatus of the Super-Ego of the society, cannot touch the ideology of the Super-Ego. As a result, our government implements policies that reduce the risk of life and health, but let the root cause persist. The Super-Ego cooperates with the Id suppresses the Ego. We are in a new totalitarian society that the political correctness, the Super-Ego, suppresses the Ego, the humanistic spirituality.

The Super-Ego of our society, in the name of freedom of religion, let some religions using religious doctrine to fight the materialism. It is the counteraction of Renaissance. The result is a fighting front between religious ideology and liberal ideology. Both sides of the front are trying to use one Super-Ego to replace other Super-Ego. Both suppress the Ego. The terrorist attacks of suicide bombers are the manifestation that the Medieval Super-Ego suppresses the Ego: human life is no worth to preserve for the sake of religious spirit. Yet our liberal ideology, in the name of freedom of religion, allows the counteraction of Renaissance survives in our society. That is why we continue to have home grown terrorists: they are born in Canada, they grow up in Canada, they are educated in our public schools and universities, yet their religious Super-Ego dominated their Ego.

We can have a more healthy cultural life such as dance and sing song that cost less than the cannabis. We can have our youth to play musical instruments or painting to cultivate our spirit other than to abuse substances to weaken our humanist spirit. Investment in marijuana dispensaries, needle exchange, to remove the stigma of drug addiction is not addressing the root causes. Our government should invest, in addition to baseball diamonds and hockey arenas, in more facilities for cultural activities. These cultural activities cultivate humanistic spirit that strengthens our Ego.

The GNP per capita of China is only one-fifth of that of the USA, yet the life expectancy of China is already close to that of the USA. One of the reasons is that, as a humanist civilization for five thousand years, China has a rich humanist cultural and spiritual life. Chinese people enjoy the practice of calligraphy, the Go chess, the Taiji that cultivates both body and mind, and most recently, the square dancing of old ladies. Today, China is the least ideological society, as shown in its foreign policy that ignores all ideological consideration. That is the sign of modest Super-Ego controllable by the Ego. The spiritual life in China is mostly in humanist spirituality. Recently, the counteraction of Renaissance is developing in China in the name of freedom of religion, but the humanist spirituality, the Ego, is still the dominating social psyche. Chinese Canadians have many cultural spiritual activities in their community. They can contribute more to our multiculturalism by its rich cultural lives.

Instead of wasting our political resources in the ideological war between liberalism and religious conservatism, instead of wasting tax money on the government programs that persist the lavish materialism, we should promote humanist spirituality. As an immigrant country of multiculturalism, Canada has rich cultural resources that can be promoted for our humanist spirituality, so to reduce early age immature sex life, reduce substance abuses, reduce obesity, reduce mental illness and to build a healthy society.

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